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The road to revival of China's textile industry
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The road to revival of China's textile industry

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Today, China occupies a leading position in the global textile industry. It is not only the country with the largest production scale, but also the country with the most complete industrial chain and the most complete categories. Data show that in 2017, China's chemical fiber production reached 4,915,500 tons, accounting for more than 70% of the world's total; the production of garments above designated size was 28.78 billion, equivalent to 6.89 garments per person for the world population.
 
        Referring to the current development trend of China's textile industry and the industry's "13th Five-Year" development plan, Jiang Hui, president of the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Textiles, said that China's status as the world's largest textile exporter is difficult to be subverted within ten years.
 
砥砺Revitalization, the development prospects of China's textile industry are “a bright future”
 
        China has been a major textile and cotton textile country since ancient times, and it plays an important role in the national economic production. However, China's textile industry has not formed large-scale industrial production for a long time, so it was quickly overtaken by other countries in the development tide of the global industrial revolution. Until the Westernization Movement in the late Qing Dynasty, under the impetus of a group of modern industrialists such as Zhang Zhidong, the textile industry with a modern significance sprouted on the land of China.
 
        After more than a hundred years of ups and downs, the Chinese textile industry has developed rapidly. Especially from 1978 to 2018, under the baptism of the great tide of reform and opening up, the Chinese economy has undergone earth-shaking changes. This is the forty years of China's economic boom and rapid development, and it is also a renaissance history of the Chinese textile industry. .
 
        Driven by the development of industrial technology and the expansion of market demand, China's textile industry has developed rapidly, achieving sustained and rapid growth of industry scale and economic benefits, and the textile industry's pillar position in the national economy has been further consolidated. Statistics show that in 2017, the total output value of China's textile industry was more than 140 times that of 1978. The scale of textile and garment exports was 127.4 times that of 1978, and the fiber processing volume was 54.3 million tons (excluding fiberglass), which was nearly 20 in 1978. As a world's largest textile producer, consumer and exporter, China's status is hard to shake.
 
 
        In the next few years, with the steady growth of the national economy and the continuous improvement of the income level of residents, the expansion of domestic demand and the upgrading of consumption will provide the greatest impetus for the development of China's textile industry. At the same time, under the combined effect of green development, consumption upgrading, new urbanization construction and full implementation of the two-child policy, the development prospects of China's textile industry will be broader. Sun Ruizhe, president of the China National Textile and Apparel Council, believes that the world economy is entering a new rising cycle and showing a trend of recovery, which provides an important window for the high-quality development of the textile industry.
 
        The "13th Five-Year Development Plan for Textile Industry" formulated by China also clarifies the development goal of China's textile industry as a whole in the next five years. During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the annual growth rate of industrial added value of China's textile enterprises above designated size will remain at 6%-7%, and domestic consumption of clothing and home textiles will grow at an average annual rate of 8%.
 
        However, the reality is that although the development of China's textile industry is bright, it faces many challenges such as “insufficient innovation and application, unbalanced supply and demand structure, and inadequate integration of industry and finance”. Sun Ruizhe believes that in order to achieve high-quality development of the industry, China's textile industry needs to continuously deepen supply-side structural reforms, achieve optimal allocation of factors, and improve the quality and quantity of economic growth.
 
        Green development, building a green manufacturing system for the textile industry and strengthening the concept of green consumption are the "golden keys" to solve the current development problems of the industry. According to the goal of the “13th Five-Year” development plan of the textile industry, by 2020, the energy consumption of industrial added value of domestic textile units will drop by 18%, the value of water added per unit of industry will fall by 23%, and the total discharge of major pollutants will fall by 10%. The proportion of recycled textile fibers in total fiber processing continues to increase.
 
The green fiber industry is the "power source" for China to become a textile powerhouse.
 
        "Green fiber" generally refers to dissolved fiber, also known as Lyocell fiber, Tencel, which is based on renewable resources such as trees and bamboo, and uses N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) as solvent. Clean processing technology, no pollution in the whole process of production, raw materials, production processes, products are green and environmentally friendly, known as "green fiber in the 21st century", is a pioneering process to lead the Chinese textile industry to implement "green development."
 
 
        In addition, Tencel is also an excellent green fiber material, which combines the performance advantages of natural fiber and synthetic fiber, and exhibits characteristics of large dry-wet strength, high initial modulus, small shrinkage in water, and good dimensional stability. In particular, breathability and comfort make other fiber materials unmatched. At present, Tencel is widely used in the global high-end fashion industry chain. Zara, H&M, NIKE and other internationally renowned brands are all fans of “green fiber materials”. In addition, Zhao Xiangdong, vice president of the China Chemical Fiber Industry Association, said that green fiber materials have a wide range of applications in aerospace, aircraft manufacturing, rail transit, medical and health care, beauty and skin care, automotive interiors and many other fields. In the National 13th Five-Year Plan, Lyocell fiber has also been written into the bio-chemical fiber industry as a key development direction.
 
        However, for a long time in the past, Tencel production technology has been monopolized by foreign countries. According to industry insiders, within three to five years, the annual domestic demand is expected to reach 1 million tons, while the current domestic production capacity is only 45,000 tons, far from meeting market demand. On the other hand, with the maturity of “green fiber” production technology, market cakes continue to grow, green fiber or a market that will completely replace petroleum-based chemical fiber products, with annual demand output reaching more than 50 million tons, so China’s green fiber market gap It is very huge.
 
        Seeing this market gap, some companies with strong social responsibility awareness in China have begun to take action. Among them, Hubei Jinhuan introduced Lyocell's new cellulose fiber production line through cooperation with ONE-A Company of Austria, and obtained the data, technical information and know-how required for the design, construction and operation of the plant, which was launched in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. Lyocell fiber production project.
 
        It is understood that Hubei Jinhuan Lyocell fiber project is currently the highest single-line production capacity and the most technical advantage in China. Once the Hubei Jinhuan Lyocell fiber industry cluster is formed, the annual output will reach 100,000 tons, which has obvious economies of scale compared with the annual production of 15,000 tons of the same industry. In addition, the project purchases the latest generation of Lyocell fiber manufacturing technology developed by ONE-A, and its production quality is in a leading position in the world. At present, Hubei Jinhuan Phase I Lyocell fiber project is progressing in an orderly manner.
 
        As an important part of Jinghan's “Great Health Industry” investment, Hubei Jinhuan Lyocell Fiber Project is an important part of Jinghan's corporate mission of “making people live healthier”. The Group has set long-term development goals for it. . In the future, Jinghan will take the construction of Lyocell fiber project as the entry point, build a national green fiber material industry cluster, build a national “green fiber material base”, and realize the resources and industry with derivative industry, small town business and real estate business. The symbiosis and common prosperity.
 
        From the development goal set by Jinghan Co., Ltd. for the Hubei Jinhuan Lyocell fiber project, in 2022, Hubei Jinhuan Lyocell fiber project sales revenue is expected to reach 3 billion yuan and net profit of 300 million yuan. By then, Hubei Jinhuan should not be far away from leading the development of domestic green fiber industry.